Telecommunication is the exchange of information over significant distances by electronic means, where a complete, single telecommunications circuit consists of two stations, each equipped with a transmitter and a receiver.
The transmitter and receiver at any station may be combined into a single device called a transceiver, and the medium of signal transmission can be electrical wire or cable(also known as “copper”) optical fiber or electromagnetic fields. The free-space transmission and reception of data by means of electromagnetic fields is called wireless.
The simplest form of Telecommunications takes place between two stations. however, it is common for multiple transmitting and receiving stations to exchange data among themselves. such an arrangement is called a telecommunications network. Ex :- The internet
Telecommunication and Broadcasting worldwide are overseen by the International Telecommunication Union(ITU), an agency of the United Nations(UN) with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Most Countries have their own agencies that enforce telecommunications regulations formulated by their governments. In the United States, that agency is the Federal Communications Commission(FCC).
BSNL Formation Day & New Broadband / Mobile Telecom Services
Indian Telecom gaint Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited has formed as public sector undertaking on 1st October 2000 with almost above 36000 telephone exchanges, and National Telecom backbone celebrates the BSNL formation day on 1st October on every year.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is an Indian state-owned 100% telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi, providing comprehensive range of telecom solutions by various services named as
- DSL/VDSL Broadband
- FTTH – Bharat Fiber Broadband
- GSM Mobile(2G/3G/4G)
- Leased Lines(Data Circuits)
- WiMAX (Wireless Broadband)
- MPLS VPN,
- VVoBB(Voice and Video on Broadband)
- WiFi Broadband
BSNL is India’s oldest and largest communication service provider (CSP), It has footprints throughout India except for the metropolitan cities of Mumbai and New Delhi, which are managed by Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL), which is a subsidiary company of BSNL from 2020, and BSNL is the only one telecom service provider, offers reliable telephony services in Rural areas also.